Wavell Plan was forwarded by the Lord Wavell, the then Viceroy of India. It was discussed in Shimla Conference which was held in June 1945. Although the plan was prepared in January 1945 but the plan was made public in June 1945.
Why Wavell Plan came?
- General election was scheduled in England in 1945 so Conservatives wanted to solve the Indian Independence issue before its term ends.
- There was pressure from the allies to seek further cooperation in the war.
- Although war came to an end in May 1945 but the threat of Japanese invasion was still there.
Provisions of Wavell Plan
- Except Governor General and Commander-in-chief all members of the Viceroy Executive council will be Indians.
- Hindus and Muslims will have equal representation in the Interim government.
- Interim Government will work according to the Government of India Act, 1935
- Governor General to exercise his veto on the advice of ministers.
Failure of Cripps Mission
- Muslim League insisted that all Muslim members in the proposed Interim Government should be the nominees of Muslim League only.
- Congress objected the plan as it attempted to reduce their status to a purely Hindu party and insisted that it should have the right to include members of all communities among its nominees.
Significance of Cripps Mission
- Lord Wavell declared the Wavell Plan a failure as Jinnah refused to leave his demand that all Muslim members in the proposed Interim Government should be the nominees of Muslim League.
- Failure of the Wavell Plan gave veto power to Muslim League that British Government wont accept any plan that was not approved by Muslim League.