Tribal Movements 1

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Tribal Movements

 

Region  Revolt 
Northern Region Wahabi Movement , Kuka Revolt
Eastern Region Sanyasi Revolt, Chuar Rising, Kol Mitiny, Santhal Rising, Ahom Rising, Khasi Rising, Pagal Panthis, MUnda Revolt
Southern India Revolt of Raja of Vizianagaram, Poligar’s Revolt, Diwan Velu Thampi’ Revolt, Rampa Revolt
Western India Bhil Uprisings, Cutch Rebellion, Waghera Rising, Koli Risings

 

Northern Region

Wahabi Movement

  • Wahabi Movement was basically a movement against the outsiders in the kingdom of Punjab. Initially it was against the Sikh Kingdom but after the incorporation of Punjab into East India Company it was against English dominion.
  • It was started by Syed Ahmed of Rai Bareilly who was inspired by the teachings of Abdul Wahab (1703-87) of Saudi Arabia.
  • In India its important center’s were at Patna, Hyderabad, Bombay, Bengal and Uttar Pradesh.

Kuka Revolt

  • Kuka revolt was organised  in 1840 under the leadership of Bhagwat Jawahar Mal.
  • Initially it was a religious purification movement but after British took over Punjab it transformed into political one.
  • Its main leaders were Bhagwat Jawahar Mal and Ram Singh.

Eastern Region

Sanyasi Revolt

  • Sanyasis were the native monks of the Bengal region. After coming of the Britishers several restrictions were imposed on the movement of these fakirs and sanyasis.
  • Company’s factories and treasuries were attacked by the rebellions during this revolt.
  • This revolt was mentioned in the novel AnandMath written in 1882 by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.

Kol Mutiny

  • It was started in 1831 in the areas of Ranchi, Singhbhum, Hazaribagh and Palamau.
  • This mutiny was against the outsiders to whom the native land was transferred.
  • Thousands of outsiders were killed by the Kols of Chhotanagpur.

Santhal Rising

  • It was one of the major uprisings held in the Eastern India.
  • It was against the atrocities by the revenue officials, police and the money lenders whom they called diku(outsiders).
  • Under the leadership of Sido and Kanhu the natives rose against the company.
  • Santhal established their own rule in 1954 and only after extensive military operation by the Company the situation came under control.
  • Sido died in 1855 while Kanhu died in 1866.

Ahom Revolt

  • Ahom revolt was the result of First Burmese War(1824-1826). British agreed to withdraw from the Upper Burma after First Burmese War but instead of that they incorporated Ahom’s territory into the British Dominion.
  • Rebellion was started in 1828 under the leadership of Gomdhar Kanwar.
  • Finally, Upper Assam was handed to Maharaja Purandar Singh by the Company.

Khasi Uprising (1829-1833)

  • After occupying Garo and Jaintia Hills Britishers occupied outside workers to build a road in the Brahmaputra Valley.
  • Immediate reason for the revolt was attack by Tirath Singh on a British garrison.
  • Natives of the region like Khasis, Garos, Khamptis and the Singhpos proteste under the leadership of Tirath Singh against this.
  • Finally in 1833 this revolt was suppressed by the Britishers through military action.

Pagal Panthis

  • Pagal Panthis was a semi religious sect established in the region of Northern Bengal by Karam Shah.
  • But it was Tipu founder of Karam shah who gave it a political flavor.
  • Tipu took up the cause of oppression by the zamindars.
  • This movement was in full momentum between 1830-1840.

Munda Revolt

  • Munda Revolt was the 19th century revolt by the Mundas against the intrusion of Jagirdars and thikadars .
  • Mundas enjoyed certain rights over the land from the immemorable time but because of the Land Revenue policies of the  Britishers Mundas were alienated of their rights.
  • S0, in the late 19th century Mundas revolted under the leadership of Birsa Munda and fought against Britishers. This revolt came to an end when Birsa Munda was captured in 1900.  

 

 

 

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