Second Battle of Panipat
Second Battle of Panipat was a decisive battle fought between Mughal ruler Akbar and the Hindu ruler Hemu Vikramaditya on 5th November 1556.
This battle marked the end of short lived Hindu rule from the seat of Delhi.
Hemu ‘Vikramaditya’ Akbar
Army of 30,000 men Army of 10,000 men
Hemu Vikramaditya was born in Rewari district of Haryana. He started his career as a Superintendent of market under Sher Shah Suri’s son Islam Shah of Sur empire. Later under the rule of Adil Shah Suri he rose to the position of Chief Minister. He won 22 battles for Adi Shah. After the death of Humanyun on 5th January 1556, Hemu left Bengal to recapture the lost territory of North India. On 7 October 1556 in the Battle of Tughlaqabad Hemu defeated Mughal forces led by led by Tardi Beg Khan. He adopted the title of ‘Vikramaditya’ after this battle.
|Sher Shah Suri||1532-1545|
|Islam Shah Suri||1554|
|Firoz Shah Suri||1554-1555|
|Muhammad Adil Shah||1555|
|Ibrahim Shah suri||1555|
|Sikandar Shah Suri||1555|
|Adil Shah Suri||1555-1556|
Akbar sat on the throne when he was just 13 years old because of the untimely death of his father Humayun. During his initial years most of his battles was fought by his commander in chief Bairam Khan.
Reasons for the Second Battle of Panipat
After Battle of Tughlaqabad on 7 October 1556 Akbar was eager to recapture Delhi back from Hemu. From Mughal side Akbar forces were led by Bairam Khan whereas Akbar was stationed 8 miles away from the battlefield.
Consequences of the Second Battle of Panipat
Although Hemu forces were almost 3 times in number as that of Akbar. But it was sheer luck that one of the arrows pierced the eye of Hemu and became unconscious. This created a havoc and confusion in the army of Hemu resulted in the defeat of Hemu’s army in the Second Battle of Panipat.
It led to the establishment of Mughal Rule in India for another 300 years to come.