Peasants Movement 2

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Peasants Movement 2

Mappila Revolt

Area: Malabar region

Year: Around 1921 

Leaders: Leaders of the Khilafat Non Cooperation Movement like Gandhiji, Shaukat Ali and Maulana Azad supported Mappila cause.

Causes:

  • Most of the Mappila tenants were Muslims whereas the landlords were mostly Hindus. Local Mappilas expressed their resentment against lack of security, high rents and other atrocities.
  • Immediate cause of the revolt was the arrest of a priest leader, Ali Musaliar which caused large scale riots.

Consequences:

  • Large scale riots happened in the Malabar region.
  • Initially the revolt was against the British authorities but in later part it acquired communal angle.

Bardoli Satyagraha

Area: Bardoli taluqa in Surat

Year: January 1926

Leader: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Causes:

Government authorities increased the land revenue by 30 per cent. 

Consequences

  • Sardar Vallabbhai Patel was called to lead the movement.
  • Workers camps were organised in the taluqa.
  • Bardoli Satyagraha Patrika was launched to mobilize public opinion.
  • Door to door campaign was launched.
  • Peasants made a oath to not  to pay taxes and those who didn’t  obeyed were socially boycotted.
  • Resisted eviction and forceful confiscation of the land.
  • As a result land revenue was reduced to just increase of 6.03%.
  • Although the movement was local but it received nationwide support, even Gandhiji lend his support to the movement.

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