Nehru Report

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Nehru Report

Background of Nehru Report:

  • Simon Commission was appointed by the British Government to recommend whether India was ready for further constitutional reforms or not. It consists of 7 members among them nobody was Indian. 
  • Congress session under the presidency of M.A. Ansari decided to boycott the commission. Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha decided to support the congress on this issue. 
  • Seeing the countrywide protest against the Simon Commission, Lord Birkenhead challenged the Indian politicians to make a Constitution which should be accepted by all the political parties. Nehru Report was the answer to the Lord Birkenhead challenge.

Nehru Report

  • All Parties Conference met in February 1928 and appointed a committee under the chairmanship of Moti Lal Nehru too draft a Constitution. 
  • It was the first major attempt by the Indians to draft a constitution for the country.
  • Committee includes members such as Tej Bahadur Sapru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Mangal Singh, Ali Imam, M.S. Aney, Shuab Qureshi and G.R. Pradhan.
  • Recommendations of the Nehru Report came in August 1928. 

Major recommendations of the Nehru Report were:

  • Dominion status should be given to India.
  • Demand for the Joint Electorates instead of Separate Electorates for the Muslims at the Centre and at the Provinces. 
  • Provinces to be made on the Linguistic basis.
  • Bicameral legislature at the Centre consisting of Senate and House of Representatives. Senate consists of 200 members which are elected for 7 years while House of Representatives will consists 500 members elected for a period of 5 years.
  • Central Government should be headed by Governor General. Governor general will act on the advice of Governor General executive Council. Executive Council will be responsible to the Parliament.
  • Judiciary should be separated from the executive.
  • Reservation of 1/4th seats for the Muslims at the Centre.
  • Separation of religion from the State affairs.
  • Residual powers vested at the Centre.
  • Proposal for the creation of Sind as a Muslim Majority Province. 

Reactions from Muslim League:

  • 1/3rd representation to the Muslims at the centre instead of proposed 1/4th.
  • Reservation of the Muslims in Bengal and Punjab in proportion to their population.
  • Residual power should be given to the Provinces.

Reaction from Congress and Hindu Mahasabha:

  • Younger Congress leaders like Jawahar Lal Nehru and Subash Chandra Bose were against the idea of Dominion Status. They want complete independence from the British rule.
  • Hindu Mahasabha was opposed to the proposal for creating a new Muslim majority province.

 

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