Indian National Army
Idea of Indian National Army was mooted by Mohan Singh in Malaya in 1942. Mohan Singh was the part of British Indian Army that marched into the Japan. But he decided to stay there and joined hands with the Japanese army. Mohan Singh and Rash Behari Bose were the initial leaders of the Indian National Army. INA was basically established to:
- To Secure the interests of the Indians living in Southeast Asia.
- To establish an Indian army that works for the welfare of the Indian citizens.
- To check against the misconduct of the Japanese against Indians in South-East Asia.
Timeline of the events
- Mohan Singh was given the command of 45,000 Prisoners of War by the end of 1942.
- But soon due to the leadership differences between the Indian forces and the Japanese forces strength of the forces that was allowed to sustain was reduced to only 2,000.
- Mohan Singh wanted an allied status for the Indian forces but Japanese was in mood of only giving it the status of Subsidiary forces. This led to the outset of Mohan Singh and the entry of Subash Chandra Bose.
Subash Chandra Bose and Indian National Army
- Subash Chandra Bose arrived in Japan in February 1943.
- In October 1943 he set up Provisional Indian Government with its headquarters at Rangoon and Singapore.
- This Provisional Indian Government was recognised by the Axis Powers. It declared war on US and Britain.
- Indian National Army launched a successful campaign against Allied forces in Burma headed by Shah Nawaz.
- INA also participated in the Imphal campaign.
- INA also had a women regiment named Rani Jhansi Regiment.
- In 1944, Subash Chandra Bose renamed the INA to Azad Hind Fauz.
- While addressing Indians on Azad Hind Radio, Subash Chandra Bose referred Gandhiji as the “Father of the Nation” for the First time.
Demise of the Indian National Army
- Failure of the Imphal campaign.
- Discriminatory treatment by the Japanese forces against Indian forces which include denial of rations and weapons.
- Defeat of the Axis powers against the allied forces in 1945 quashed the hopes of Indian National Army.