|Battle of Panipat||Date||Rulers||Victorious Ruler|
|1st Battle of Panipat||21 April 1526||Babur & Ibrahim Lodi||Babur (Zahīr ud-Dīn Muhammad)|
|2nd Battle of Panipat||5 November 1556||Akbar & Hemu ‘Vikramaditya’||Akbar (Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar)|
|3rd Battle of Panipat||14 January 1761||Ahmed Shah Abdali & Sadashiv Rao||Ahmed Shah Abdali|
First Battle of Panipat
First Battle of Panipat was fought between Mughal ruler Babur and Lodi dynasty ruler Ibrahim Lodi on 21st April 1526.
Babur (1526- 1530) Ibrahim Khan Lodi(1517-1526)
Army of 15,000-20,000 men Around 30,000-40,000 men
Rulers: Babur was the founder and the First Emperor of Mughal Dynasty in India. He was the descendant of Timur. Babur was Great Great Grandson of Taimur. Taimur was the founder of Timurid Empire.
|Mughal Ruler||Reigning Year|
|Bahadur Shah I||1709-1712|
|Muhammad Shah ‘Rangeela’||1719-1748|
|Akbar II (Given the title Raja to Ram Mohan Roy)||1806-1837|
|Bahadur Shah II||1837-1857|
Ibrahim Lodi: Ibrahim Lodi was the last ruler of Lodi Dynasty. He was son of Sikander Lodi. His reign lasted for 9 yrs only. He was defeated by Babur in the concluding First Battle of Panipat on 21 April 1526.
Reasons for the First Battle of Panipat
After failing 3rd time to conquer Samarkand ( city in south-eastern Uzbekistan ) Babur laid his attention towards Indian subcontinent.
At that time Delhi was ruled by Ibrahim Lodi. Unlike his predecessors he was incapable ruler who didn’t keep his nobles and Governors on check. In 1526, Daulat Khan Lodi ( Governor of Lahore) invited babur to attack on Delhi which proved as the fatal stroke in the history of Delhi Sultanate.
Significance of the Battle
First Battle of Panipat was the first battle where cannons and gunpowder were used on such a large scale. Babur first time introduced the war tactic of Tulughma and Araba in a battlefield.
Consequence of the Battle
- First Battle of Panipat marked the commencement of Mughal Empire in India.
- It ended the rule of Delhi Sultanate in India.